India’s 2024 Economic Journey: From Elections to Investments

India’s economic outlook for 2024 is a subject of considerable interest, given the country’s emerging role as a major global economic player. The forecasts and analyses from various reputable sources, such as Goldman Sachs Research, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), provide a comprehensive picture of what to expect in the coming year.

Goldman Sachs Research Perspective

Goldman Sachs Research projects a stable growth rate for India in 2024, with real GDP growth estimated at 6.3% year-on-year, slightly down from the 6.4% growth estimated for 2023. The growth in 2024 is anticipated to be influenced by two distinct factors based on the halves of the year:

  1. Pre-Election Economic Stimulus: Prior to the general elections in the second quarter of 2024, the economy is likely to be stimulated by government subsidies and transfer payments. This period will see an increase in government spending as a means to spur economic activity.
  2. Post-Election Investment Surge: Following the elections, the expectation is for a re-acceleration in investment growth, particularly from private enterprises. However, there is an expectation that government capital spending may decrease compared to previous years, in line with medium-term fiscal consolidation paths​​.

Asian Development Bank (ADB) Forecast

The ADB’s projection complements the Goldman Sachs outlook, with a forecast of India’s GDP moderating to 6.4% in the fiscal year ending 31 March 2024, and then rising to 6.7% in FY2024. The key drivers for this growth include:

  • Private Consumption and Investment: These are expected to be significant contributors to the economy, supported by government initiatives aimed at enhancing transport infrastructure, logistics, and the overall business ecosystem.
  • Global and Domestic Challenges: The ADB notes that the economic growth for FY2023 will face challenges from the global economic slowdown, tight monetary conditions, and high oil prices. However, FY2024 is expected to witness an upsurge in investment, buoyed by sound government policies and robust macroeconomic fundamentals​​.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Outlook

The IMF provides a broader perspective, with its forecast indicating that India’s GDP growth is expected to consistently remain above 6.0% annually from 2023 to 2028. This growth trajectory places India at the forefront of emerging markets, driving global growth. Contributory factors to this positive outlook include:

  • Shift in Global Supply Chains: India is benefiting from the ongoing global supply chain realignment.
  • Make in India Campaign: This initiative is emblematic of India’s new economic era, focusing on boosting domestic manufacturing and reducing reliance on imports.

The IMF’s forecast underscores India’s potential as an economic powerhouse in the emerging market sector​​.


In conclusion, India’s economic outlook for 2024 is marked by stable and sustained growth. The forecasts highlight the country’s resilience in the face of global economic challenges and its capability to maintain robust growth rates. The blend of government policies, private sector dynamism, and macroeconomic stability positions India as a key player in the global economic landscape. The year ahead promises to be one where domestic consumption and investment play crucial roles, with the added dynamics of an election year influencing economic policies and growth patterns.



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