MUDRA Loan Scheme: Rs 27.75 Lakh Crore Disbursed

The Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY), a game-changing initiative launched in 2015 to provide institutional credit to micro and small enterprises (MSEs), has achieved a remarkable milestone. As of November 24, 2023, over Rs 27.75 lakh crore worth of loans have been disbursed under the scheme, significantly impacting over 47 crore small and new entrepreneurs across India.

MUDRA: A Boon for Women-Led Businesses

A key highlight of the PMMY scheme is its success in promoting women’s entrepreneurship and fostering inclusive economic growth. Ministry of Finance data reveals that a staggering 69% of the total loans sanctioned under PMMY, amounting to 30.64 crore loans, have been specifically directed towards women entrepreneurs. This not only empowers women but also unleashes their entrepreneurial potential, contributing to a more balanced and dynamic business landscape in India.

Here’s a breakdown of the loan disbursements by category under MUDRA (as of November 24, 2023):

  • Shishu: Designed for loans up to Rs. 50,000. This category caters to the initial entrepreneurial needs and has witnessed the highest disbursement, accounting for nearly 80% of the total loans sanctioned.
  • Kishore: Encompasses loans above Rs. 50,000 and up to Rs. 5 lakh. This segment caters to growing businesses requiring additional capital and represents approximately 15% of the total disbursements.
  • Tarun: Targets loans above Rs. 5 lakh and up to Rs. 10 lakh. This category supports established micro-enterprises with larger funding needs, contributing to the remaining 5% of disbursements.

MUDRA Scheme on an Upward Trajectory

The PMMY scheme has witnessed a continuous rise in loan disbursements over the years, indicating its growing reach and impact. Compared to the initial years of the program, the disbursed amount has seen a significant upward trend.

Year-on-year growth figures provide a clearer picture:

  • FY 2015-16 (Initial Year): Rs. 1.32 lakh crore disbursed.
  • FY 2019-20: Rs. 3.30 lakh crore disbursed, reflecting a more than 150% increase over the initial year.
  • FY 2022-23: Rs. 4.50 lakh crore disbursed.
  • FY 2023-24 (as of Nov 24, 2023): Rs. 4.85 lakh crore disbursed (already exceeding the previous year’s total).

This upward trajectory signifies the scheme’s effectiveness in addressing the credit needs of a growing number of micro and small businesses.

MUDRA: Fueling India’s Economic Engine

The MUDRA scheme has emerged as a critical pillar in supporting India’s micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs), which are considered the backbone of the nation’s economy. By facilitating access to institutional credit, the scheme empowers entrepreneurs to establish new ventures, expand existing ones, and drive innovation. This, in turn, stimulates job creation:

  • A 2021 report by the Micro Units Development & Refinance Agency (MUDRA) estimated that the scheme has contributed to the creation of over 1.2 crore net new jobs. Additionally, a 2023 study by the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) suggests that MSMEs employ over 11 crore people in India.

Furthermore, MUDRA fosters regional economic development and contributes significantly to India’s overall GDP growth. Studies suggest that MSMEs contribute around 30% to India’s GDP.

Looking Ahead: The Future of MUDRA

The MUDRA scheme’s success story underscores the importance of financial inclusion for propelling economic growth. As India strives towards a self-reliant economy (Atmanirbhar Bharat), the MUDRA scheme is likely to play an even more pivotal role in empowering MSMEs and unleashing their full potential. Here are some potential areas for future development:

  • Further Streamlining Processes: Simplifying loan application procedures, reducing paperwork, and leveraging online platforms can significantly enhance accessibility for potential borrowers.
  • Expanding Outreach Programs: Reaching out to underserved communities, particularly in rural areas, through targeted campaigns and collaborations with local NGOs can ensure wider participation in the scheme.
  • Incorporating New-Age Technologies: Utilizing technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Big Data for credit assessment can potentially expedite loan approvals and improve risk management.
  • Focus on Sustainability: Encouraging MUDRA loans for eco-friendly ventures and initiatives that promote sustainable practices can contribute to India’s green growth objectives.

By implementing these advancements, the MUDRA scheme can continue to be a driving force in empowering India’s micro and small businesses, fostering inclusive economic growth, and propelling the nation towards achieving its Atmanirbhar Bharat goals.

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